|ADULT STEM CELLS:
||Stem cells that are harvested from mature human tissue.
||A transplant that involves using stem cells that are harvested from a person other than the recipient of the stem cells.
|AMERICAN ASSOCIATION OF BLOOD BANKS:
||The leading organization that accredits umbilical cord blood banks.
||A transplant that involves using stem cells that are harvested from the same person receiving the transplant.
|CORD BLOOD BANKING:
||A method of storing stem cells collected from fetal umbilical cord blood over a prolonged period of time.
|CORD BLOOD DONATION:
||Cord blood that is given to a public bank to be used by anyone in need.
|CORD BLOOD STORAGE:
||Freezing cord blood for future use in transplants. Cord blood samples are usually stored in liquid nitrogen and are contained in either bags or vials in the freezer.
||Blood that is present in the umbilical cord.
||The process in which scientists influence the manipulation of stem cells through different signals or chemicals.
||A fertilized egg that has begun to divide but is still in the earliest stages of development.
|HUMAN EMBRYONIC STEM CELLS:
||Stem cells harvested from human embryos. These stem cells have the ability to become almost any other type of cell.
|GRAFT vs. HOST DISEASE:
||A potentially fatal complication arising after a transplant wherein the transplant recipient's body recognizes the new stem cells as foreign and attacks them.
|HUMAN LEUKOCYTE ANTIGENS (HLA):
||A protein that is found on cells that must be matched between a donor and a transplant recipient before a transplant can take place.
||The ability to which a stem cell can be manipulated into becoming another type of cell.
|PRIVATE CORD BLOOD BANK:
||A cord blood bank that allows a family to store their cord blood samples for a fee. This blood is reserved for sole use by the family.
|PUBLIC CORD BLOOD BANK:
||A cord blood bank that accepts donations and stores the samples for free. This blood can be used by anyone.
||Stem cells genes are controlled by internal signals. Possible external signals include chemical secretions, physical contact with neighboring cells or molecules in the microenvironment.
||A cell that has the ability to become almost any other type of cell in the body.
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